Have a Yarn

Mahone Bay, Nova Scotia


June 2008

How to Make Thrummed Mittens

Pattern follows!

Thrummed Mitten - Right Side
Mitten turned inside out - you can see the layer of insulating fleece.

Thrummed Mittens (or fleece-stuffed mittens) originate from Newfoundland and Labrador. Twisted bits of unspun, carded fleece wool are knitted into the fabric to create a fleecy lining. With wear and use, the fleece inside felts into an insulating layer. Traditionally, they are knit of wool in natural colours. However, the pattern created by the thrums looks particularily striking when hand dyed fleece is used.



Preparing the fleece: Pull (do not cut!) lengths of fleece/roving about 5-6" in length. Separate the lengths into smaller strips. To determine the thickness of your thrum, twist the strip between your fingers - it should be at least the same thickness of the yarn you are using. Don't worry if the thrums are thicker - you'll just end up with warmer mittens!

If you are working with fleece, just pull the fleece apart into strips.
A strip of fleece.

Fold the ends of each piece to the center, overlapping the ends. Give the strips a little twist in the middle.

Now you are ready to incorporate the thrum.

**TIPS** Make a stack of thrums ahead of time, so you don't have to prepare bits of fleece while you are knitting. Also, split your stock of fleece in half, so that you will have the same amount for each mitten. You don't want to run out of fleece while you are making the second mitten (which I've done!).



When you come to a thrum stitch, drop the main yarn. Take a prepared piece of fleece, twist it a couple of times in the middle, and then hold it over your forefinger. Insert the right-hand needle into the stitch on your left-hand needle as if to knit, place the thrum over the end of the needle you just inserted, keeping the tails at the back.

Hold fleece over forefinger. Insert right needle into stitch as if to knit...
Place fleece over the needle...

Keep a firm hold on the thrum tails so that the fleece doesn't come undone. Now wrap the yarn over the needle too, locking the fleece in place. Knit both at the same time - this means you knit the stitch normally, bringing both your working yarn and thrum through.

Wrap yarn around needle too...
Knit both thrum and yarn at the same time.

On the next round, when you come to a thrummed stitch, the thrum and yarn stitch it was worked with will be sitting side by side. Knit the yarn stitch and thrum together through the back. Knitting through the back makes the thrum look like a V stitch. If you knit through the front, it will look like a round bobble. Give the tails of the thrums a gentle pull on inside of work. The thrums are now quite secure and locked in place by the yarn. When you are finished your mitten, you can always poke at the little V's with your needle to adjust them, if you need to.

The thrum and yarn stitch it was worked with sit side by side. Knit them together through the back to create a V.  
If the V's need some adjusting, just poke at them with your needle.



Makes 1 pair of Ladies small/medium size mitts. To make other sizes, I suggest pattern "Family Thrummed Mittens" by Briggs and Little.

YARN: 100g/200m of worsted weight 100% wool. The mittens above were knit with 1 ball of Galway worsted wt. yarn (col#1330).

FLEECE: 50 grams of carded fleece or roving. I used 50g (1 braid) of Fleece Artist hand dyed 100% Merino Sliver.

NEEDLES: 3.5mm and 4mm double pointed needles. The 3.5mm needles are just for the cuff.

NOTIONS: Stitch marker, stitch holder, and tapestry needle.

Cuff: With 3.5mm needles, loosely cast on 40 sts and divide evenly onto 3 needles (i.e. needle 1 - 12 sts, needle 2 - 16 sts, needle 3 - 12 sts). Place marker and join into round without twisting the sts. Work K2, P2 ribbing (k2, p2, k2, p2,...) for approx. 3 inches. Once cuff is finished, proceed to Round 1.

Round 1: Change to 4mm needles and knit entire round.
Rnd 2: Begin inserting thrums on this round: *Knit 3 sts, Thrum 1 st, repeat from * across rnd.
Rnd 3: K3. The next st will be the thrum st and the yarn st it was worked with. Knit into the back of both sts.
Rnd 4, 5, 6: Knit.
Rnd 7: K 1 st, *Thrum next st, k next 3 sts*, repeat from * to * across rnd.
Rnd 8: Knit, making sure to knit into the back of the thrums.
Rnd 9, 10, 11: Knit
Repeat rnds 2 - 11 in this fashion for 3 inches.

Thumb Opening: Knit 1, slip next 8 sts onto a stitch holder (or safety pin). Cast on 8 sts and knit to end of round. Knit until mitten covers the tip of your small finger (approx. 9.5" from beginning -- smaller mitts may need just 8.5", larger 10.5").

Shape Top: Keep thrum pattern going as long as possible. Note: when a k2tog falls on Rnd 3 or 8 (above) work your k2tog through the back loops to lock in the thrum stitch.
Rnd 1: *K8, k2tog; rep from * around.
Rnd 2: Knit
Dec 4 sts (working 1 less knit st between decreases) in this manner every other rnd until there remain 20 sts.
Dec 4 sts in this manner every rnd until 8 sts remain. Cut yarn, thread tail through rem sts, pull tight and fasten to inside.

Thumb: With RS facing, pick up the 8 sts from the holder onto a needle. Rejoin yarn, pick up 2 sts from side of thumb opening, pick up 8 sts along top of opening and 2 sts from opposite side - 20sts. Arrange sts evenly on your 3 needles. Work in thrum pattern until thumb is long enough (3-3.5" approx.) K2tog all the way around, for 2 rounds. Break yarn and thread through remaining sts. Fasten securely. Darn yarn at base of thumb, closing any holes. Darn in remaing ends.

Second Mitten: Knit exactly as the first!

-Rachel James